In general, emotion processing paradigms known to probe amygdala have not been adapted to recruit prefrontal areas. In this study we used a well-known perceptual face matching GSK2118436 cost paradigm, designed to elicit amygdala response, and asked volunteers to shift their focus in order to recruit regions responsible for attentional control. Stimuli comprised a trio of geometric shapes (circles, rectangles,
triangles) presented alongside a trio of emotional faces (angry, fear, or happy) within the same field of view, and subjects were instructed to Match Faces or Match Shapes, as a means of attending to and away from the emotional content, respectively. We observed greater amygdala reactivity to Match Faces (>Match Shapes), and greater rostral selleck screening library ACC response to Match Shapes (>Match Faces). Results indicate that simply and volitionally directing attention toward or away from emotional content correspondingly modulates amygdala and ACC activity. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The lymphatics began receiving attention in the scientific community as early as 1622, when Gasparo Aselli noted the appearance of milky-white vessels in the mesentery of a well-fed dog. Since this time, the lymphatic system has been historically regarded as the sewer of the vasculature, passively draining fluid and proteins from the interstitial
spaces (along with lipid from the gut) into the blood. Recent reports, however, suggest that the lymphatic role in lipid transport is an active and intricate process, and that when lymphatic function is compromised, there are systemic consequences to lipid metabolism and transport. This review highlights these recent findings, and suggests future directions for understanding the interplay between
lymphatic and lipid biology in found health and disease.”
“Aim: To examine trends in the prevalence of myocardial infarction (MI) and conventional risk factors in Greek adults between 2002 and 2006. Design: Repeated cross-sectional study.
Methods: Self-reported data from surveys given in Salamis during two election days in 2002 and 2006 were analysed. The same sampling method and procedures were used on both surveys. The study sample included 2805 and 3478 subjects (>= 20 years) in 2002 and 2006, respectively, with similar age and sex distribution to the target population.
Results: The prevalence of MI increased from 4.1 % (men, 6.3%; women, 1.9%) in 2002 to 4.8% (men, 7.3%; women, 2.2%) in 2006 (P=0.18). At the same time, prevalence rates of major risk factors were as follows: diabetes increased from 8.7% to 10.3% (P=0.037), hypertension from 20.1% to 25.7% (P<0.001) and hypercholesterolemia (cholesterol > 240mg/dl or the use of cholesterol-lowering medication) increased from 17.5% to 22.3% (P < 0.001).