Usually, we consider Aleksandr Oparin and John Haldane’s ideas as the main sources for the development of the modern thinking on the origins of life but, in 1909, Constantin Merezhkowsky pointed out the importance of extremophiles and extreme environments in early stages and evolution of life on Earth and introduced the symbiogenesis concept.
Merezhkowsky defined it as “the origin of organisms through the combination or association of two or more beings that enter in symbiosis” (Sapp et al., 2002). According to this concept, symbiogenesis should be understood as an evolutive mechanism and symbiosis as the vehicle, through which that mechanism unfolds. find more This represents a different point of view from neo-Darwinism or the Modern Synthesis Theory, and the consideration of symbiosis takes studies of evolution onto a post neo-Darwinian level. These new ideas pointed out the central role of interactions, in which a new entity emerges through incorporation
of one existing entity into another. It involves horizontal mergers, which can be rapid, and usually discontinuous, creating permanent and irreversible changes, the basis of evolutive novelty MAPK inhibitor (Dyson, 1985; Carrapio et al., 2007). The symbiogenic concept allows an innovative and a broader approach to
the origin of life and evolution, given that symbiosis is a fundamental rule in the establishment and development of life on Earth and elsewhere (Carrapio 3-oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductase et al., 2007). It implies a new paradigm for the comprehension of chemical and biological evolution. This change can be explained by a synergistic integrated cooperation between organisms, in which symbiosis acts, not as an exception, but rather as a rule in nature. According to these ideas, a symbiogenic approach to the pre-biotic evolution and origin of life should be seriously considered and developed as a new paradigm shift on evolution. We believe that cooperative, synergistic and communicational processes were responsible, using terrestrial and extraterrestrial materials, for the emergence of a large pre-biotic pool, closely related to geochemical and environmental conditions, and with intense interactions within. We envision life’s appearance accomplished through multiple origins, in different times and environments, displaying a variety of selective contexts, which optimized symbiogenic processes in the promotion of creative novelty.