repeat sequence in the CRISPR array of G. vaginalis was not identical to that found in the E. coli CAS-E subtype . In silico analysis of the Cas proteins revealed highly conserved (>97% identity) sequences among the G. vaginalis strains. The Cas proteins showed the highest similarity (46 to 63% identity) to the proteins from A. vaginae DSM15829 (Ecoli Cas subtype); meanwhile, CP-690550 cell line 9 to 35% identity was scored to the Cas proteins from E. coli K12 strain MG1655, which are attributable to the same subtype . The AT-rich leader sequence immediately upstream of the first CRISPR repeat was detected in the genomes of all of the analysed G. vaginalis strains. Analysis of the spacer repertoire revealed different activities of the CRISPR/Cas loci across different G. vaginalis strains. The CRISPR locus identified
in the genome of strain GV25 is considered to be the most active, in terms of the degree of spacer polymorphism exhibited by both the total see more number of unique spacers and the total number of unique spacer arrangements [38, 45]. In contrast, the spacer content this website in the CRISPR array of strain 315A could indicate that newly gained CRISPR spacers were deleted and the most ancient spacers were preserved (Figure 3B). We may assume that cas activity in the genome of G. vaginalis strain 315A was depleted [37, 45]. In the present work, the analysis of CRISPR loci revealed that the majority of CRISPR spacers were similar to chromosomal sequences of both G. vaginalis and non-G.vaginalis origins. Spacer Pregnenolone matches to viral and plasmid sequences suggest their putative origin, because there is no evidence of plasmids in the G. vaginalis genomic architecture, and viruses that infect G. vaginalis are not yet known [15, 22]. A substantial portion of the spacers matched G. vaginalis chromosomal sequences. The spacers shared identity with coding and non-coding sequences in the chromosome of G. vaginalis. The spacers were not self-targeting , and the protospacers located on the chromosome displayed PAMs. The question of whether C or T is
the first base of the spacer or the 29th base of the repeat in G. vaginalis CRISPR arrays is still open [46, 47]. In our study, all spacers targeting protospacers on the G. vaginalis chromosome started with either C or T. Thus, the spacers correspond to the AAT-PAM or AAC-PAM, assuming that the C/T originates from the repeat. Hypotheses about the borders of the CRISPR repeats/spacers need experimental testing; however, the idea of a “duplicon” seems attractive . The analysis of the genomes of G. vaginalis presumed that the chromosomal sequences targeted by spacers did not derive from plasmids or viruses and that the genes in the vicinity of the protospacers (approx. 5 kbp upstream and 5 kbp downstream) do not have viral origin. The gene-coding sequences targeted by the G.