The number of hilar SS neurons remained unchanged However, the p

The number of hilar SS neurons remained unchanged. However, the pentylenetetrazole seizure threshold was somewhat decreased in electroshock-treated rats. Despite this, no spontaneous seizures were detected Givinostat Cytoskeletal Signaling inhibitor in this group. In contrast, status epilepticus (pilocarpine model) produced loss of the hilar NPY and SS cells. Moreover, all rats with status epilepticus showed spontaneous behavioral seizures and their seizure threshold was markedly decreased. These findings

support the notion that sustained NPY overexpression induced by brief seizures can be important in preventing epileptogenesis. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“ICE1, a MYC-type transcription factor, has an important role in the induction of CBF3/DREB1A for regulation of cold signaling and tolerance. Here we reveal that serine 403 of ICE1 is involved in regulating the transactivation and stability of the ICE1 protein.

Substitution of serine 403 by alanine enhanced the transactivational activity of ICE1 in Arabidopsis selleck chemical protoplasts. Over-expression of ICE1(S403A) conferred more freezing tolerance than ICE1(WT) in Arabidopsis, and the expression of cold-regulated genes such as CBF3/DREB1A, COR47 and KIN1 was enhanced in plants over-expressing ICE1(S403A). Furthermore, the ICE1(S403A) protein level was not changed after cold treatment, whereas the ICE1(WT) protein level was reduced. Interestingly, polyubiquitylation of the ICE1(S403A) protein in vivo was apparently Selleck RSL 3 blocked. These results demonstrate that serine 403 of ICE1 has roles in both transactivation and cold-induced degradation of ICE1 via the ubiquitin/26S proteasome pathway, suggesting that serine 403 is a key residue for the attenuation of cold-stress responses by HOS1-mediated degradation of ICE1.”
“A photoactive polymer containing aryl substituted diazoketo groups was prepared by radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate

and photoactive 2-(2-diazo-3-oxo-3-(4-dimethylaminophenyl)-propionyloxy)-ethyl methacrylate. Upon UV irradiation at 365 nm, the diazoketo groups of the copolymer underwent the Wolff rearrangement and afforded ketenes that reacted with water to provide carboxylic moieties that could be removed by basic developer. It was demonstrated that this photoactive polymer could be used as a novel single component positive photoresist. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 554-561, 2012″
“Although morphine has an anticonvulsant effect in several animal models of seizures, its potential clinical application in epilepsy may be hindered by its adverse effects like opioid tolerance. The present study evaluated the development of tolerance to the anticonvulsant effect of morphine in a model of clonic seizures induced with pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) in male Swiss mice.


To develop a new visualization method that a


To develop a new visualization method that allows monitoring of sclerosant dosage and flow during sclerotherapy.


We Acadesine cost used a photodynamic eye (PDE)

to perform indocyanine green (ICG) imaging. ICG produces strong fluorescence detectable using PDE and allows monitoring of sclerosant spread through blood vessels in real time. We performed visualized sclerotherapy on 50 limbs, comprising high ligation and sclerotherapy (35 limbs), stripping and sclerotherapy (10 limbs), and sclerotherapy alone (5 limbs).


In all cases, fluorescence imaging of the injected sclerosant was possible. No complications resulted from combining ICG and polidocanol in any of the patients, all of whom received follow-up evaluations at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after treatment.



new method not only avoids the risk of radiation exposure, but also allows for simple observation of sclerosant range of access, determination LY333531 concentration of the dosage for each lesion, and accurate administration of therapy to target lesions. This method will contribute to further advances in sclerotherapy, given that it allows administration of sclerosant and visual confirmation of optimal injection dosage, speed, and movement of sclerosant after injection.

The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.”
“Microbial source tracking (MST) tools are used to identify sources of fecal pollution for accurately assessing public health risk and implementing best management practices PKC inhibitor (BMPs). This review focuses on the potential of enteric viruses for MST applications. Following host infection, enteric viruses replicate and are excreted in high numbers in the hosts’ feces and urine. Due to the specificity in host infection, enteric viruses have been considered one of the most accurate library-independent culture-independent MST tools. In an assessment of molecular viral assays based on sensitivity, specificity and the density of the target virus in fecal-impacted samples, human adenovirus

and human polyomavirus were found to be the most promising human-specific viral markers. However, more research is needed to identify promising viral markers for livestock because of cross-reactions that were observed among livestock species or the limited number of samples tested for specificity. Other viral indicators of fecal origin, F+ RNA coliphage and pepper mild mottle virus, have also been proposed as potential targets for developing MST markers. Enhancing the utility of enteric viruses for MST applications through next generation sequencing (NGS) and virus concentration technology is discussed in the latter part of this review. The massive sequence databases generated by shotgun and gene-targeted metagenomics enable more efficient and reliable design of MST assays.

3%) had multiple uveal cysts, and 6 (7 5%) had a single, free-flo

3%) had multiple uveal cysts, and 6 (7.5%) had a single, free-floating cyst. A diagnosis of PU was made for 9 (5.5%) dogs.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Prevalences of uveal cysts (34.3%) and PU (5.5%) in the examined Golden Retrievers were both higher than prevalences reported previously

(5.4% for uveal cysts and 1.5% for PU) in the Canine Eye Registry Foundation’s PD98059 MAPK inhibitor 2009 All-Breeds Report. Study findings have indicated that PU is not a rare condition and should be considered as a differential diagnosis for Golden Retrievers with ocular disease.”
“In this paper, the role of misorientation angle and coincident site lattice (CSL) boundaries in promoting Goss-textured abnormal grain growth (AGG) in polycrystalline (Fe(81)Ga(19)) + 1.0 mol % NbC rolled sheet is investigated through electron backscattering

diffraction (EBSD) patterns captured by orientation imaging microscopy. Data on the magnetostrictive variation as a function of annealing time under an argon atmosphere are presented along with the area fraction of grains, average grain size, and grain boundary character distributions (GBCD). The GBCD results are used to show changes in the CSL boundary distribution are too small to explain the observed Thiazovivin clinical trial Goss-textured AGG. Finally, GBCD results are presented that support the high energy grain boundary model as suitable for explaining Goss-textured AGG in polycrystalline (Fe(81)Ga(19)) + 1.0 mol % NbC rolled sheet. (C) 2010 American PLX3397 mw Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3371686]“
“Predictions of interactions between target proteins and potential leads are of great benefit in the drug discovery process. We present a comprehensively applicable statistical prediction method for interactions between any proteins and chemical compounds, which requires only protein sequence data and chemical structure data and utilizes the statistical learning method of support vector machines. In order to realize reasonable

comprehensive predictions which can involve many false positives, we propose two approaches for reduction of false positives: (i) efficient use of multiple statistical prediction models in the framework of two-layer SVM and (ii) reasonable design of the negative data to construct statistical prediction models. In two-layer SVM, outputs produced by the first-layer SVM models, which are constructed with different negative samples and reflect different aspects of classifications, are utilized as inputs to the second-layer SVM. In order to design negative data which produce fewer false positive predictions, we iteratively construct SVM models or classification boundaries from positive and tentative negative samples and select additional negative sample candidates according to pre-determined rules. Moreover, in order to fully utilize the advantages of statistical learning methods, we propose a strategy to effectively feedback experimental results to computational predictions with consideration of biological effects of interest.

Data were extracted systematically Each of the reviewers assesse

Data were extracted systematically. Each of the reviewers assessed Q-VD-Oph nmr the quality of each study independently.

TABULATION, INTEGRATION, AND RESULTS: Data were abstracted using standard abstraction templates to summarize study findings. Given the rarity of this tumor, we report available data with respect to epidemiology, pathogenesis, prognostic

factors, and treatment. Endometrial stromal sarcoma and undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma comprise an estimated 1% of all uterine cancers and less than 10% of all uterine mesenchymal neoplasms. Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is the cornerstone of treatment for early-stage (I or II) disease. Surgical resection when feasible may also be appropriate Selleckchem NSC 23766 for patients presenting with advanced-stage tumors. The value of adjuvant therapy for early-stage disease remains unproven. Hormone therapy continues to be the most efficacious treatment modality for patients with advanced-stage or recurrent disease.

CONCLUSION: Endometrial stromal sarcoma and undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma are rare tumors. Surgical

resection is appropriate for patients with early-stage (I or II) disease and those with resectable, advanced-stage (III or IV) tumors. Hormone therapy may be appropriate in treating advanced and recurrent disease.”
“Instruments that are useful in clinical or research practice will, when the object of measurement is stable, yield Duvelisib inhibitor similar results when applied at different times, in different situations, or by different users. Studies that measure the relation of differences between patients or subjects and measurement error (reliability studies) are becoming increasingly common in the orthopaedic literature. In this paper, we identify common aspects of reliability studies and suggest features that improve the reader’s confidence in the results. One concept serves as the foundation for all further consideration:

in order for a reliability study to be relevant, the patients, raters, and test administration in the study must be similar to the clinical or research context in which the instrument will be used. We introduce the statistical measures that readers will most commonly encounter in reliability studies, and we suggest an approach to sample-size estimation. Readers interested in critically appraising reliability studies or in developing their own reliability studies may find this review helpful.”
“Endocannabinoid anandamide and cannabinoid receptors have been described in some organs of the female reproductive system, but little is known about the expression of these receptors in human oocytes. The aim of the study was to describe the expression of cannabinoid receptors in human oocytes and to investigate their differential distribution at various stages of meiotic resumption in human oocytes. A total of 750 human oocytes from 214 patients were analysed by Western blot, immunocytochemistry and PCR.

Methods: Thorough one year two separated groups of children at th

Methods: Thorough one year two separated groups of children at the ENT and allergy ward of childrens hospital was enrolled in the study. The study group consisted of 117 children between 1 and 14 years old(with average of 6) who had adenotonsillar hypertrophy. The control group consisted of 100 children in the similar age that

had not adenotonsillar hypertrophy.both groups were examined for the incidence of allergic disease,results of skin prick test, serum IgE levels and close contact to smoke.

Results: In the study group .70.3% of children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy had positive skin prick test.But only 10% of children in control group had positive skin prick test. Increased see more serum total IgE level was confirmed in 48% of children with positive skin prick test in study group were in close contact with smoker parents.

Conclusion: Allergy and sensitivity to different Target Selective Inhibitor Library kinds of allergens are important risk factors for adenotonsillar

hypertrophy in children.Allergy control may have role in reducing the rate of adenotonsillectomy in children suffering allergic reactions with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“We review the state of the art in atmospheric passive sampling for semi-volatile organic compounds. After a brief section on principles and theory, we focus on calibration approaches using different passive samplers. We report a selected number of applications for some passive samplers and identify

some key issues to improve the performance and the accuracy of passive samplers. We then suggest and discuss possible developments. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2010 Study produced comparable estimates of the burden of 291 diseases and injuries in 1990, 2005, and 2010. This article reports on the global INCB028050 burden of untreated caries, severe periodontitis, and severe tooth loss in 2010 and compares those figures with new estimates for 1990. We used disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and years lived with disability (YLDs) metrics to quantify burden. Oral conditions affected 3.9 billion people, and untreated caries in permanent teeth was the most prevalent condition evaluated for the entire GBD 2010 Study (global prevalence of 35% for all ages combined). Oral conditions combined accounted for 15 million DALYs globally (1.9% of all YLDs; 0.6% of all DALYs), implying an average health loss of 224 years per 100,000 population. DALYs due to oral conditions increased 20.8% between 1990 and 2010, mainly due to population growth and aging. While DALYs due to severe periodontitis and untreated caries increased, those due to severe tooth loss decreased. DALYs differed by age groups and regions, but not by genders.

We report a case of PDH in a 54-year-old male who was not immunoc

We report a case of PDH in a 54-year-old male who was not immunocompromised. Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Library screening His last travel history to an endemic region was 2 years before onset. He was diagnosed as histoplasmosis by 18S rRNA-PCR from serum and ascites and immunodiffusion test. We treated him with parental liposomal amphotericin B for 2 weeks then changed to oral itraconazole, which was continued for 6 months. Rigorous work up, including HIV status, lymphocyte counts, and

adrenal function did not reveal any evidence of immunosuppression of the patient. Our case suggests that PDH can occur in immunocompetent patients as previously described, and must be included in the differential diagnoses if presentation is consistent. In addition, the skills of travel history taking are emphasized.”
“Study design: Retrospective data analysis.

Objectives: Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a devastating injury that causes a lifelong disability, involving mostly young men. The aim of the study was to analyse some clinical and epidemiological features of

TSCI patients admitted to the Spinal Unit of Florence, Italy, during 30 years, from 1981 to 2010.

Setting: Spinal Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Methods: The medical files from the computerised database of the patients who sustained TSCI from 1 January 1981 to 31 December 2010 and received comprehensive care in the same centre were analysed. Information was collected with regard to demographic selleck chemicals llc data, causes of injury, time of injury, associated injuries, treatment Apoptosis inhibitor of the vertebral lesion and neurological condition at discharge.

Results: A total of 1479 patients were included. The number of two-wheeler road traffic accidents (RTAs) has increased over the years, whereas the percentage of falls and sports accidents has been quite constant. The lesions due to 4-wheeler RTAs tend to decrease. Lesions due to falls mainly affected older persons than those due to sports accidents, with a mean age at the time of injury of 52 and 25 years, respectively. Diving was the

most common cause among sports and leisure accidents. Associated injuries were present in 56% of all the cases included.

Conclusion: The cases of spinal cord injury due to two-wheeler RTAs have increased over the years probably because of the increasing diffusion of the use of such a vehicle, and such an eventuality has to be taken into consideration in future prevention strategies.”
“OBJECTIVE: Epidermal growth factor receptor is involved in the pathogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer and has recently emerged as an important target for molecular therapeutics. The KRAS oncogene also plays an important role in the development of lung cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of epidermal growth factor receptor and KRAS mutations in a population of Brazilian patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Significantly lower values were observed in the glucocorticoid gr

Significantly lower values were observed in the glucocorticoid group for the ratios of (i) anterior subregion: BI-D1870 supplier whole vertebral body and (ii) posterior: whole vertebral body when compared to the primary osteoporosis and control groups (P < 0.05). Lower anterior subregional aBMD in individuals on glucocorticoid

therapy may help to explain the increased vertebral fracture risk in this patient group.”
“Objective: To review and critically evaluate published cost-utility analyses (CUAs) pertaining to pharmaceuticals for the past 3 decades.

Methods: We examined data from the Tufts Medical Center Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry (, which contains detailed GSK1210151A datasheet information on English-language CUAs

and their ratios (in $US, year 2008 values) published in peer-reviewed journals. We summarized study features using descriptive statistics for articles published from 1976 to 2006. Changes in study methodology over time were analysed by trend test. Analysis of ratios was restricted to those published from 2000 to 2006 from studies that correctly discounted future costs and benefits. Factors associated with having a favourable value (defined to be more than the median for all included ratios) were identified by logistic regression.

Results: Of 1393 CUAs published through 2006, 640 (45.9%) pertained to pharmaceuticals. The proportion of CUAs that focussed on pharmaceuticals increased from 34% for the period 1990-5 to 47% for the period 2001-5. Investigations with a US perspective accounted for 51% of all CUAs, although this proportion has decreased over time. The UK perspective investigations accounted for nearly 16% of all studies, and this portion has increased over time. About 24% of all CUAs were sponsored by industry, 48% were sponsored by non-industry sources, and 28% did not disclose their funding. Adherence to good methodological practices is roughly similar for studies with industry and non-industry

sponsorship. Adherence to these practices has increased over time. Among the 1969 ratios meeting our inclusion criteria, the median value was $US22 000 per QALY.

Logistic regression revealed that, while controlling for the intervention category (e.g. pharmaceutical, medical device, screening), ratios were more likely to be favourable if they were from studies sponsored by a pharmaceutical or device manufacturer (OR 1.53; 95% CI 1.07, 2.19). Ratios for pharmaceutical CUAs were less favourable than other ratios while controlling for sponsorship (OR 0.66; 95% CI 0.44, 0.98).

Conclusion: The number of published pharmaceutical CUAs has grown steadily and accounts for almost half of all published CUAs. Adherence to good methodological practices does not appear to differ by study sponsor. Ratios from industry-sponsored studies are more favourable than other ratios.

The content of MMT was estimated by thermal gravimetric analysis

The content of MMT was estimated by thermal gravimetric analysis. The drug encapsulation efficiency and in vitro drug release kinetics were measured

by high-performance liquid chromatography. The size, size distribution, surface charge and morphology of the exemestane-loaded nanoparticles were characterized using a Zetasizer Nano ZS and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The physical status of exemestane in the nanoparticles was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry. In vitro cellular uptake of coumarin-6-loaded nanoparticles was investigated by confocal laser scanning microscope, demonstrating that the fluorescence nanoparticles were internalized by Caco-2 cells (as an in vitro gastrointestinal model). The results of in vitro cytotoxicity experiment on MCF-7 cells (as a model of breast cancer cells) showed Proteasome inhibitor the exemestane-loaded nanoparticles resulted in lower cell viability versus the pure exemestane solution. The cytotoxicity against MCF-7 cells for exemestane-loaded nanoparticles and pure exemestane solution

was dependent on the drug concentration and incubation time. In conclusion, this study indicates the capability of PLGA nanoparticles and PLGA/MMT nanoparticles in enhancing the oral delivery of exemestane.”
“We present a 57-year-old man who worked in a pediatric setting who, after a strong coughing attack caused by a pertussis infection, presented with an internal carotid dissection and a consequent ischemic cerebral lesion. This case suggests the importance of vaccination Saracatinib mouse for subjects who belong to high-risk categories.”
“A new epoxidic ganoderic acid, 8 alpha,9 alpha-epoxy-3,7,11,15,23-pentaoxo-5 alpha-lanosta-26-oic acid (1), together with the known compounds 3 beta-hydroxy-7,11,15,23-tetraoxo-5

alpha-lanosta-8-en-26-oic acid (2), ergosta-7,22-diene-3 beta-yl pentadecanoate (3), ergosta-7,22-diene-3 beta-ol (4), beta-sitosterol (5), fatty acids (6-10), fatty acid ester (11) and octadecane (12) were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum from south India. Their structures were determined by (1)H, (13)C, (13)C DEPT, (1)H-(1)H COSY, HMBC, HSQC, NOESY NMR, FT-IR, UV-vis and FABMS spectral analysis. Compounds Apoptosis inhibitor (1-3) exhibited good antifungal activity against Candida albicans in disc diffusion assay (100 mu g/disc). Steroid ester (3) showed moderate anti-inflammatory activity (59.7% inhibition, 100 mg/kg body weight) in carrageenan-induced paw edema. (C) 2011 Phytochemical Society of Europe. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Sulfur mustard (SM) is a bifunctional alkylating agent with strong blistering, irritant, mutagenic and cytotoxic properties. SM has been widely deployed as a chemical warfare agent for over a century, leading to extensive casualties. Skin is among the first and most heavily damaged organs upon SM exposure. Unfortunately, a considerable fraction of SM-intoxicated patients are still suffering from chronic cutaneous complications.

The prokaryotic serine protease

alpha-lytic protease (alp

The prokaryotic serine protease

alpha-lytic protease (alpha LP) has done just that, as its unfolding is both very slow (t(1/2) similar to 1 year) and so cooperative that partial unfolding is negligible, providing a functional advantage over its thermodynamically stable homologs, such as trypsin. Previous studies have identified regions of the domain interface as critical to alpha LP unfolding, though a complete description of the unfolding pathway is missing. In order to identify the alpha LP unfolding pathway and the mechanism for its extreme cooperativity, we performed high temperature molecular dynamics unfolding simulations of both alpha LP and selleck products trypsin. The simulated alpha LP unfolding pathway produces a robust transition

state ensemble consistent with prior biochemical experiments and clearly shows that unfolding proceeds through a preferential disruption of the domain interface. Through a novel method of calculating unfolding cooperativity, we show that alpha LP unfolds extremely cooperatively while trypsin unfolds gradually. Finally, by examining the behavior of both domain interfaces, we propose a model for the differential unfolding cooperativity of alpha LP and trypsin involving three key regions that differ between the kinetically stable and thermodynamically stable classes of serine proteases.”
“Malaysia is a medium endemic CHIR98014 nmr country for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection but little is known about HBV strains circulating in Malaysian blood donors. Viral load, HBsAg concentrations and nested PCR products from 84 HBV surface H 89 concentration antigen (HBsAg) positive samples were analysed in detail. Median viral load was 3050 IU/mL and median HBsAg 1150 IU/mL. Fifty-six full genome, 20 pre-S/S, 1 S gene and six

basic core promoter/precore-only sequences were obtained. Genotypes B and C were present at a ratio of 2:1, and two genotype D samples were obtained, both from donors of Indian background. Phylogenetically, genotype B was more diverse with subgenotypes B2-5, B7 and B8 present, while most genotype C strains were from subgenotype C1. Genotypes B and C were equally frequent in ethnic Malays, but 80% of strains from Chinese were genotype B. HBsAg concentrations were higher in genotype C than in genotype B, in Chinese than Malays and in donors under the age of 30. HBV vaccine escape substitutions (P120S/T, I126N and G145G) were present in six strains. In the large surface protein, immuno-inactive regions were more mutated than CD8 epitopes and the major hydrophilic region. Strains of genotype B or from ethnic Malays had higher genetic diversity than strains of genotype C or from Chinese donors. Hence HBV strains circulating in Malaysia are phylogenetically diverse reflecting the ethnic mix of its population.

Sociodemographic factors, Mini-Mental State Examination, medical

Sociodemographic factors, Mini-Mental State Examination, medical conditions (stroke, heart attack,

diabetes, arthritis, cancer, and hypertension), and depressive symptoms were obtained. Main outcome measure was risk of becoming frail over 10 years.

Out of 942 participants who were nonfrail at baseline (1995-1996), 57.8% were women and the mean age was 73.7 years (SD = 5.3). In general estimation equation models testing the relationship between Mini-Mental State Examination (< 21 vs. >= 21) and the risk of becoming frail over a 10-year period, SC79 datasheet there was a significant association (odds ratio = 1.09, 95% confidence interval = 1.00-1.19; p = .0310)] between the cognition-by-time interaction and odds of becoming prefrail or frail over time. This association was independent of age, sex, marital status, education, time, and medical conditions, indicating that nonfrail participants

with poor cognition had a 9% odds per year of becoming frail over time compared with those with good cognition.

Low Mini-Mental State Examination score was independently associated with increased risk of frailty over a 10-year period in older Mexican Americans. Low Mini-Mental State Examination score may be an early marker for future risk of frailty.”
“Determining prognosis for nursing home residents is important for care planning, but reliable Tanespimycin manufacturer prediction is difficult. We compared performance of four long-term mortality risk indices for nursing VX-661 molecular weight home residents-the Minimum Data Set Mortality Risk Index (MMRI), a recent revision to this index (MMRI-R), and the original and revised Flacker-Kiely models.

We conducted a prospective cohort study in one 92-bed facility in Missouri. Participants were 130 residents who received a Minimum Data Set assessment from May through October, 2007. We

collected the Minimum Data Set variables needed to calculate the mortality risk scores. We determined 6- and 12-month mortality for included residents. Using each mortality risk score as the sole independent predictor in logistic models predicting mortality, we determined discrimination (c-statistic) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistic) for each model.

In our sample, discrimination was 0.59 for both the MMRI and the MMRI-R. Discrimination of the original Flacker-Kiely model was 0.69 for both 6 months and 1 year and 0.71 and 0.70, respectively, for the revised model. Model calibration was adequate for all models.

Performance of four models that predict long-term mortality of nursing home residents was fair. In our population, the Flacker-Kiely models had similar and markedly better discrimination than either the MMRI or the MMRI-R.”
“Many elderly adults fall every year, sometimes resulting in serious injury and hospitalization.