It most closely resembles C muscicola, particularly in ecology;

It most closely resembles C. muscicola, particularly in ecology; see varieties of that species. Given its phylogenetic position (Fig. 1a, clade Y), it is likely not a Cylindrospermum species. Cylindrospermum siamensis (Antarikanonda) Johansen comb. nov. (Fig. 7, l–r) Basionym: Anabaena siamensis Antarikanonda (1985, p. 345). Homotypic synonyms: Anabaenopsis siamensis (Antarikanonda) Komárek and Anagnostidis (1989), Richelia siamensis (Antarikanonda)

Hindák (2000), Cronbergia siamensis Komárek, Zapomělová et Hindák AZD3965 nmr (2010). Thallus soft, dark green to olive green when old, forming small clusters of denser biomass. Filaments mostly short, in diffluent mucilage. Trichomes strongly constricted at cross-walls, 4–4.5 μm wide. Cells cylindrical-rounded, mostly isodiametric, 3–5 μm long. Heterocytes terminal at one or both ends of the trichome, spherical or elongated, 3.5 μm this website wide, 4 μm long. Intercalary formation of proheterocytes prior to the filament fragmentation not confirmed. Enlarged cells (akinetes?) observed only when already

detached from the filament, spherical to oval, with thin smooth exospore and tan colored coarsely granulated content, 5–5.5 wide, 6.5–7 long. Reference strain: SAG 11.82/CCALA 756. This taxon is phylogenetically inseparable from Cylindrospermum sensu stricto (Fig. 1a, clade X). It differs morphologically from the other species in the genus both in the form of trichome fragmentation and small size of akinetes. One of the primary goals of this work was to determine whether or not Cylindrospermum was a monophyletic genus. It appears that taxa with the distinctive morphology of the genus comprise three separate clades (Fig. 1a, clades X, Y, Z) and so species in the genus could represent as many as three genera. The PMC group (clade Z) is especially dissimilar (<95.7% similar), and almost surely represents a different genus. We did not describe it in this article because we have not examined these strains. In addition, the 16S-23S ITS should be sequenced, in our opinion, before a new genus is recognized. 上海皓元 The members of

the tropical taxa (clade Y) are 96.0%–97.5% similar to Cylindrospermum sensu stricto (clade X), but this is a lower level of similarity than can be found between Aulosira bohemensis or Nostoc commune NC1 and clade X, which supports the idea that these clades, which are separated by geographical and climatic criteria, represent different genera. In part, it was the recognition of these two clades (much less intensely sampled) that led Komárek et al. (2010) to split out Cronbergia from Cylindrospermum. The possible restriction of Cylindrospermum sensu stricto to temperate aerial habitats needs confirmation, which will be best obtained by more thoroughly collecting, isolating, and sequencing tropical strains conforming to the morphological taxonomic circumscription of Cylindrospermum.

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