phellinicola are often contaminated with other Trichoderma spp ,

Specimens of H. phellinicola are often contaminated with other Trichoderma spp., e.g. T. harzianum or T. cerinum (three specimens). The pigment formed in culture is similar to that of H. citrina, although on PDA it only formed at 15°C and on CMD only after extended storage at 15°C. Hypocrea selleck compound protopulvinata Yoshim. Doi, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. 15: 695. (1972). Fig. 65 Fig. 65 Teleomorph of Hypocrea protopulvinata. a–g. Fresh stromata (a. habit, soc.

H. pulvinata on upper left side; b–d. immature; d–g. surface). h, i. Parts of dry stromata. selleckchem j. Stroma surface in 3% KOH. k. Perithecium in section. l. Hairs on stroma surface. m. Apical periphyses. n. Marginal cells at the ostiolar apex. o. Cortical tissue in face view. p. Cortical and subcortical tissue in section. q. Subperithecial tissue in section. r, s. Asci with ascospores (s. in cotton blue/lactic SN-38 molecular weight acid). t. Ascospores in ascus apex. u. Swollen and germinating ascospores on agar surface. l–n. In 3% KOH. a, r–t. WU 29425. b, d, e, h, i, l–n, u. WU 29417. c, f, g. WU 29416. j. WU 29419. k, o–q. WU 29414. Scale bars a = 20 cm. b = 1 mm. c, i = 0.5 mm. d, j = 0.15 mm. e–g = 0.3 mm. h = 0.8 mm. k, u = 30 μm. l, p, q = 20 μm. m–o, r, s = 10 μm. t = 5 μm Anamorph: Trichoderma sp. [sect. Hypocreanum]. Fig. 66 Fig. 66

Cultures and anamorph of Hypocrea protopulvinata. a–d. Cultures (a. on PDA, 21 days. b. on CMD, 14 days. c. on SNA, 14 days. d. on PDA, 30°C, 13 days). e. Conidial heads on growth plate close to the plug (SNA, 7 days). f. Conidiophore on growth plate (CMD, 30°C, 14 days). g–o. Conidiophores and phialides (g–k, n. SNA, 4–8 days; l, m, o. PDA, 3 days). p, q. Chlamydospores (CMD, 30°C, 14 days). r. Autolytic excretions on hyphal tips (PDA, 15°C, 5 days). s–v. Conidia (s. SNA, 6 days; t–v. PDA, 3–6

days). a–c, e, g–o, s–v. At 25°C. a–f, k, l, n–r, u. C.P.K. 2434. g–j, s. CBS 121270. m, v. CBS 739.83. t. CBS 121274. Scale bars a–d = 15 mm. e = 0.2 mm. f, i, j, n = 30 μm. g, h = 50 μm. k, m, o, Mannose-binding protein-associated serine protease s = 20 μm. l, p, q = 15 μm. r = 80 μm. t–v = 10 μm Stromata when fresh extending over 0.2–20 cm, to 2 mm thick, mostly dependent on the host, widely effuse, less frequently small and subpulvinate, mostly on and often covering nearly the entire hymenium of the host, less commonly spreading to its upper surface. Surface smooth, ostiolar dots first diffuse and olive to amber, later more distinct and brown. Stromata whitish to pale yellowish when young; turning citrine or shades of yellow, sometimes with an olive tone, 3A2–3, 4A2–6, 3B4–7, often whitish, cream or yellowish due to thick and densely packed spore powder. Stromata when dry 0.1–0.5(–0.8) mm (n = 25) thick, thinly effuse or flat pulvinate, entirely attached; margin indistinct, rounded, rarely thinly mycelial.

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