Similarly, a significantly higher risk of bone pain was observed in patients with ZOL treatment (RR: 1.257, 95% CI: 1.149-1.376, P = 0.193 for heterogeneity) (Figure 2). However, there was no significantly different risk of muscle pain between the two groups (RR: 1.198, 95% CI: 0.901-1.594, P = 0.366 for heterogeneity). Table Nec-1s 2 Summary RRs and 95% CI Complications ZOL vs no ZOL Upfront ZOL vs delayed ZOL RR (95%CI) P ⋆ Number of studies RR (95%CI) P ⋆ Number
of studies Arthralgia 1.162 (1.096-1.232) # 0.466 4 1.022 (0.932-1.120) 0.850 3 Bone pain 1.257 (1.149-1.376) 0.193 2 1.284 (1.135-1.453) 0.460 2 Muscle pain 1.198 (0.901-1.594) 0.366 2 1.071 (0.942-1.217) 0.422 selleck inhibitor 3 RR, risk ratio; CI, confidence interval; ZOL, zoledronic acid; *P value for between-study P005091 datasheet heterogeneity; #the number in AZURE trial included the number of arthralgia and muscle pain. Figure 1 Forest plot for meta-analysis of arthralgia of patients treated with zoledronic acid (ZOL) versus no ZOL. Figure 2 Forest plot for meta-analysis of bone pain of patients treated
with zoledronic acid (ZOL) versus no ZOL. Funnel plot and Egger’s test were performed to access the publication bias of the four studies. No significant publication bias (P > 0.05) existed (data not shown). Upfront versus delayed-start ZOL The main results were also showed in Table 2. Arthralgia occurred in 12.7%-42.2% patients treated with upfront ZOL and in 11.3%-40.7% patients with delayed ZOL. There was no significantly different risk of arthralgia between the two groups (RR: 1.022, 95% CI: 0.932-1.120, P = 0.850 for heterogeneity). The similar results were observed about muscle pain between the two groups (RR: 1.071, 95% CI: 0.942-1.217, P = 0.422 for heterogeneity). The rates of muscle pain were 6.4%-16.3% and 5.1%-12.1% in upfront group and delayed group, respectively. Bone pain caused by ZOL was reported in Z-FAST and ZO-FAST trials. The rate of bone pain in upfront group (119/824) was significantly higher than that in delayed group (74/836) (RR: 1.284, 95% CI: 1.135-1.453, P = 0.460 for heterogeneity)
(Figure 3). Amylase Figure 3 Forest plot for meta-analysis of bone pain of patients treated with upfront zoledronic acid (ZOL) versus delayed ZOL. Since only three trials were included in this analysis of musculoskeletal disorders between upfront and delayed ZOL groups, publication bias was not accessed. Discussion Previous randomized clinical trials showed that musculoskeletal disorders occurred in a high rate of patients treated with ZOL. This meta-analysis suggested that patients treated with ZOL had a statistically significant higher risk of arthralgia and bone pain compared to patients without ZOL treatment. Furthermore, patients treated with upfront ZOL had a significant higher risk of bone pain than patients with delayed ZOL.