“This study evaluated and compared the effect of saliva co

“This study evaluated and compared the effect of saliva contamination and possible decontamination methods on bond strengths of two self-etching adhesive systems (Clearfil SE Bond [CSE], Optibond Solo Plus SE [OSE]). Flat occlusal dentin surfaces were created on 180 extracted human molar teeth. The two bonding systems and corresponding composite resins (Clearfil AP-X, Kerr Point 4) were bonded to the dentin under six surface conditions (n=15/group): group 1 (control): primer/bonding/composite; group 2: saliva/drying/primer/ bonding/composite; group 3: primer/saliva/ rinsing/drying/primer/bonding/composite; group find more 4: primer/saliva/rinsing/drying/bonding/

Selleckchem GW786034 composite; group 5: primer/bonding (cured)/ saliva/rinsing/drying/primer/bonding/composite; group 6: primer/bonding

(cured)/saliva/removing contaminated layer with a bur/rinsing/ drying/primer/bonding/composite. Shear bond strength was tested after specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 C for 24 hours. One-way analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc tests were used for statistical analyses. For CSE, groups 2, 3, and 4 and for OSE, groups 6, 2, and 4 showed significantly lower bond strengths than the control group (p<0.05). CSE groups 5 and 6 and OSE groups 3 and 5 revealed bond strengths similar to the control. When saliva contamination occurred after light polymerization of the bonding agent, repeating the bonding procedure recovered the bonding capacity of both self-etch adhesives. However, saliva contamination before or after primer application negatively affected their bond strength.”
“Aim: We reviewed the number of vascular publications listed in PubMed from 2001 to 2009 for US program directors in vascular surgery and suggest that this can be used as a benchmark. Methods: PubMed listed 3284 citations published during this time period. The average number of citations in PubMed per program director was 3.68 per year. The top third produced 67% of the publications. Journal of Vascular Surgery publications made up 37%. No statistical differences

Vactosertib mouse could be ascertained between the regions of the country and the number of publications. Results: Compared to the first six years, the number of citations decreased during the last three years (13%). During the first period, there were no programs with no publications and seven with no Journal of Vascular Surgery publication. During the last three years, there were seven programs with no publications and 19 programs with no Journal of Vascular Surgery publications. The number of aortic-endovascular citations peaked in 2002 and 2003, while the number of open and basic science citations decreased. Imaging citations peaked in 2003-2005, and carotid-endovascular, vein-endovascular, and thoracic aortic-endovascular citations climbed.

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