We focus on the largest tropical forest region on Earth, the Brazilian Amazon, which continues to attract one of the largest waves of land-tenured and landless migrant farmers from elsewhere in Brazil. We argue that the environmental and monetary costs associated with these resettlement schemes are rarely outweighed by the socioeconomic benefits accrued to translocated farmers. Land-use planning in lowland tropical forest regions
like Amazonia would benefit from a truly integrated policy framework that bridges the divide between conflicting government sectors, particularly in relation selleckchem to smallholder occupation of previously intact forest areas, which increasingly contributes with a significant fraction of deforestation in many regions. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“This work aims to make an inventory of plants and their medicinal and cosmetic uses in the Pre-Rif (foothills of the Rif, a massif in Northern Morocco) of the province of Taza. Following ethnobotanical investigations, carried out with the local population and field surveys, 73 plant species used locally in traditional medicine have been identified,
as well as six species which have ethno-veterinary properties. They belong to 39 botanical families and were collected essentially in the study area. Most remedies are prepared as decoctions
(40 species) or with an aqueous base (infusion, aqueous macerate-8 species); more species are used for internal or oral administration (61 species) www.selleckchem.com/products/isrib-trans-isomer.html compared with external or local ones (27 species). These plants, 14.8% of which are central to herbalists’ activity in the region, are widely used in indigenous pharmacopoeia to treat common symptoms, such as gastrointestinal disorders (33 species), articular-system disruption, ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) diseases and headaches (24 species), and skin problems (11 species). Moreover, 13 species in particular are used by women for cosmetic find more purposes. The local population uses medicinal plant species for daily care which may increase the pressure on natural resources, e. g. vulnerable species such as Origanum compactum and Rosmarinus officinalis. Hence, the adoption of a sustainable-management approach to safeguard and preserve the local medicinal flora is urgent.”
“Local recurrence (LR) after curative surgery for rectal cancer occurs in 4 to 33% of cases especially with suboptimal surgery (non-TME). For numerous patients, diagnosis of LR is done at late stage of the disease because of the high rate of asymptomatic patients. MRI and PET-scan are the most performing exams to assess the local and general extension, with high diagnostic accuracy (sensibility 85% and specificity 92%).