When tested in intact mice with endometrial cancer xenografts, STX64 had limited effect on tumor growth. In contrast, the microtubule NSC23766 disruptor STX140 reduced tumor growth by 55%. In a hormone-dependent endometrial xenograft model in ovariectomized mice, both STX64 and STX213 given orally, daily at 1 mg/kg significantly inhibited tumor growth by 48 and 67%, respectively. However, when given orally at 1 mg/kg once weekly, only STX213 still inhibited tumor proliferation. At a higher dose of STX64 (10 mg/kg, orally, daily), a greater tumor growth inhibition of 59% was observed.
Liver and tumor STS activity was completely inhibited in all daily treatment groups. Plasma estradiol (E2) levels were also significantly decreased. A significant correlation was observed between plasma E2 concentrations and STS activity, indicating the importance of circulating AZD8931 ic50 E2 on tumor growth. This novel study demonstrates for the first time that STS inhibitors are potent inhibitors of endometrial cancer growth in nude mice.”
“Electroencephalogram (EEG) data recorded simultaneously with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) suffer from severe artefacts. The ballistocardiogram (BCG) artefact in particular is as yet poorly understood and different BCG removal strategies have been proposed. In the present study,
EEG data were recorded from four participants in three different MRI scanners with field strengths of 1.5, 3 and 7 T, with the aim of investigating the impact of the static magnetic field strength on the BCG artefact see more and independent component analysis (ICA). The results confirm that the amplitude of the BCG artefact is a function of the static magnetic field strength. Moreover, the spatial variability of the BCG artefact substantially increased at higher magnetic field strengths.
A comparison of ICA before and after channel-wise BCG correction revealed that typical independent components could be more easily identified when ICA was applied after channel-wise BCG correction. Further analysis of EEG aid electrocardiogram recordings points towards the contribution of at least two different processes to the origin of the BCG, which are blood movement or axial head rotation oil the one hand and electrode movement at lateral sites of the head on the other. This is summarized in a preliminary BCG model that may help to explain recent inconsistencies regarding the usefulness of ICA for BCG removal. It may also guide the future development of more advanced BCG removal procedures. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is known to be associated with altered medial prefrontal activation in response to threatening stimuli and with behavioural deficits in prefrontal functions such as working memory and attention.